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UL is at the forefront in recognizing that traditional lagging indicator metrics, by themselves, are insufficient to optimize organizational health and safety. Lagging indicators measure only what has already happened, which fosters a focus on corrective actions. Although correction is important, UL advocates adding a focus on leading indicators to help companies more effectively manage their organizations’ health and safety performance. These metrics help companies identify trends and uncover the causes of workplace incidents so they can concentrate on mitigating risks and preventing workplace injuries and illnesses.

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Heidkamp, M. et al., “The Public Workforce System: Serving Older Job Seekers and the Disability Implications of an Aging Workforce,” The NTAR Leadership Center, May 2012. Web: 20 Feb. 2014.


Milczarek M. et al., "OSH in Figures: Stress at Work – Facts and Figures," European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, 2009. Web: 20 Feb. 2014.


"Global Strategy on Occupational Health for All: The Way to Health at Work," World Health Organization, 11-14 Oct. 1994. Web: 27 Jan. 2014.